I thought I would let all of you know that the fast of Ashura is coming up soon . On this day, Allah split the seas of hopelessness for Moses alayhi salam freeing his people and destroying Pharaoh- let's fast so that the same may happen today for Muslims everywhere, especially in Gaza.
Musa alayhi salam said when he came to the Red Sea: Inna ma'ia rabbi sayahideen- My Lord is with me and He will certainly guide me!
These 10 days are precious and there are no days more beloved to Allah than these 10 for righteous deeds. (Bukhari)
It is the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him used to fast on the day of `Ashura'. When he came to Madinah, he found out that the Jews of Madinah were also fasting on this day remembering Prophet Musa (peace and blessings be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) admired this tradition and said to the Jews, "I am closer to Musa than you are." He fasted and he also told his Companions to fast on this day.
Later, before the end of his life, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) told Muslims to add the 9th day also. Thus, it is recommended to fast on both the 9th and 10th of Muharram.
Abu Hurayrah reported: "I asked the Prophet: 'Which Prayer is the best after the obligatory Prayers?' He said: 'Prayer during the mid of the night.' I asked: 'Which fasting is the best after that of Ramadan?' He said, 'The month of Allah that you call Muharram’" (Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud).
Mu`awiyyah ibn Abi Sufyan reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: "Concerning the day of `Ashura’, it is not obligatory upon you to fast on it as I do. Whoever wishes may fast and whoever does not wish to is not obliged to do so" (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
It is noteworthy that Muslim scholars have stated that fasting of `Ashura’ is of three levels as follows:
1. fasting for three days, i.e., on the 9th, 10th, and 11th of Muharram,
2. fasting the 9th and 10th of Muharram, and
3. fasting only the 10th of Muharram.